Definitions of key terms used in the GCSE dance specification (8236). Students should be familiar with and understand these terms.
An additional item of clothing, for example gloves.
What a dancer does, for example travel, spin, lift, gesture, stand still, use body parts, work the floor and carry weight.
The sound you hear during a dance. For example, percussion.
When one dancer performs a series of moves and others join in at different times until they are all performing together.
A pattern traced in the air by part of the body.
Correct positioning of body parts in relation to each other.
Recognition and understanding of the properties of dance.
The purpose of a dance; what the choreographer intends to communicate.
It has to do with sound.
An audible accompaniment to the dance, such as music, words, singing and natural sound (or silence).
A stable or maintained position achieved by an even distribution of weight.
A composition in two parts or sections.
When the same movements overlap in time.
The way a choreographer does the dance.
Methods used to develop and differentiate the material.
The purpose of the dance; what the choreographer intends to communicate.
Activities involved in creating dance such as improvisation, selection and development.
The art of creating dance.
The most important moment of the dance.
Perform actions or shapes that are similar, but not exactly the same, to another dancer.
Characteristics of choreography such as style, stimulus, theme, number/gender of dancers, action content, choreographic principles, form and structure, physical and aural configurations.
Movements or shapes that have nothing in common.
The ability to start and stop movement, change direction and maintain form effectively.
The effective combination of body parts.
Clothes worn by the dancers in the performance.
When dancers perform different phrases at the same time.
Assessment of dance based on knowledge and understanding, including original knowledge.
Where dance and cinema are an integral part of a work. This includes documentaries, animations, dance on camera and a screen adaptation of a play.
dance for the camera
Where the choreographer collaborates (or is) the director. where the intention is to produce a dance work in a multimedia format that cannot be achieved in live performance.
What does the dancer wear in lessons and rehearsals.
Slowing down the movement.
The way to handle the motion material.
Facing a movement.
The properties of motion are based on variations in speed, force and flow.
Actions, space, dynamics and relationships.
The action of 'lifting' without support, as in a jump.
A performance space with the audience on one side. also known as "end-on".
A choreography with many sections, connected to a theme.
Perform actions with the required intent.
Aspects that contribute to the performance and engage the audience, such as focus and musicality.
Strains of one or more muscles or limbs.
Using the face to show mood, emotion or character.
Lighting, sets, properties, costumes and soundstages.
The range of motion at the joints (which include muscles, tendons and ligaments).
Use of eyes to enhance performance or performance qualities.
The general form and structure of a dance.
Shapes or designs created in space by dancers.
Using parts of a phrase or pattern.
Important moments of a dance.
Relating to ideas or concepts.
Exploring or creating movement without programming.
in the round
A performance space with the audience seated on all sides.
Objective or desired result.
Finding the meaning found in the movement or finding the movement found in the idea.
An independent movement of a body part.
Sensory perception (or awareness) of movement and position.
Ground clearance: low, medium or high.
Performance area lighting.
The flow of phrases or parts of a dance.
manipulation of numbers
How the number of dancers in a group is used.
Think or visualize the dance.
These include commitment, concentration, confidence, working memory, systematic repetition, mental rehearsal, rehearsal discipline, rehearsal planning, response to feedback and the ability to improve.
The range of motion at a joint. the ability to move smoothly from one action to another.
A movement phrase that encapsulates an idea that is repeated and developed throughout the dance.
Ways in which a movement phrase can vary.
The question of dance: actions, space, dynamics and relationships.
Automatic recall of learned movement material without conscious thought.
The ability to bring out the unique qualities of the accompaniment in the performance.
Dance that tells a story.
Designs tracked in space (on the ground or in the air).
A repeating pattern traced in space (on the ground or in the air).
Presentation of dance to an audience.
Acquisition and development of physical and expressive skills.
Different dance configurations, such as in-the-round, proscenium and site-sensitive.
A short sequence of interlocking movements.
The way energy is distributed when executing a movement phrase.
Aspects that enable effective performance such as posture, alignment, balance, coordination, control, flexibility, mobility, strength, endurance, extension and isolation.
The way the body is held.
Original choreography by a nationally or internationally recognized person or company.
The energy the dancer uses to connect and engage the audience.
prop / property
A portable object used on a ball, for example a suitcase.
The arch or opening which creates the effect of a frame and separates the stage from the auditorium.
Characteristics and skills needed to improve performance, such as commitment, systematic repetition, teamwork, accountability and efficient use of time.
The ways of interaction of the dancers. the connections between the dancers.
Perform the same action or phrase again.
Reversal of a movement phrase.
Repetitive patterns of sound or movement.
A form of song or dance with alternating and repeated sections, for example verse and dance.
Perform actions safely.
safe work practice
Personal care, respect for others, safe execution and dance preparation and rehabilitation.
Sensitivity to other dancers
Awareness and connection with other dancers.
Dances designed for (or relating to) non-theatrical venues.
The "where" of movement, such as planes, directions, paths, shapes, patterns and patterns.
Awareness of the environment and effective use of it.
The way the elements of the space (can be personal space and public space) were considered, used and designed.
The presentation of the dance in the performance space which includes props, furniture, props, projection and props.
Ability to maintain physical and mental energy for periods of time.
Inspiration for an idea or movement.
The way the material is organized to create the whole.
The ways in which a dance is made, constructed, commissioned or organized.
Characteristic way of dancing.
The combination of features of two or more styles.
Repeat something neatly or orderly.
It is related to the sense of touch.
These include accuracy of action, timing, dynamic, rhythmic and spatial content and stylistically accurate reproduction of movement.
A composition in three parts.
The use of timing or meters when matching movements to sound and/or other dancers.
Links between phrases or dance sections.
Two or more dancers performing the same movement at the same time.
A sense of "wholeness" or harmony.
Specifications that use this feature:
- GCSE 8236 Dance